Tracing Our History

Connecting to our past to create a vibrant present.

Mawiomi Powwow at Kouchibouguac National Park New Brunswick Canada
Pays de la Sagouine Bouctouche New Brunswick Canada
Historic Garrison District, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada
Highland Games Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
Swallow Tail Lighthouse Grand Manan Island New Brunswick Canada

A visit to New Brunswick is like a walk through history. From Irish culture to Native art, you can connect with the fabric of our province in many ways.

A cross-cultural adventure story began very early in the land that would become New Brunswick. In fact, 3,000 years ago with the ancestors of our Aboriginal community.

French settlers explored our fertile lands in the early 1600s, led by Samuel de Champlain and other explorers. Their descendants – the Acadians – still call this area home today and their vibrant culture can be experienced up and down the Acadian coast and throughout the province.

We’re proud of our First Nations heritage and the ongoing cultural enrichment provided by the Mi’kmaq (sometimes spelled Mi kmaq or Mikmaq), the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) and the Peskotomuhkati (Passamaquoddy) people in New Brunswick.

You can also connect – authentically – to our aboriginal heritage through experiences at Metepenagiag Heritage Park, and Esgenoôpetitj First Nation, where you’ll have the opportunity to sample traditional food, listen to aboriginal stories and folklore or enjoy the festive activities as you follow the Powwow Trail and join in the celebration of First Nations culture.

Meanwhile, the music, dance and customs of our province are infused with the English, Irish and Scottish heritage that’s an integral part of our lives.

Our British roots are on display at the Historic Garrison District in Fredericton, where the red tunic of the British regiment can be witnessed during Changing of the Guard ceremonies.

You can learn about our Irish history at Middle Island Irish Historical Park and experience their contribution to the province during Canada’s Irish Festival on the Miramichi, featuring Irish music, dance and cultural workshops.

According to the New Brunswick Scottish Cultural Association, about one in six New Brunswickers claim direct Scottish ancestry. Our Scottish heritage is proudly on display at the Highland Games in Fredericton.

Music events, historic sites, museums and festivals - celebrate New Brunswick’s Celtic Culture and discover our Irish, Scottish and Welsh heritage.

There are endless ways to experience our colourful heritage, from immersing yourself in local culture and cuisine to a sightseeing tour of lighthouses and covered bridges.

  • Are you interested in genealogy and have ancestors from New Brunswick in your family tree? Make a visit to our Provincial Archives.